State and non-state governance, public goods and service provision, political participation, gender
Roadblocks Remain: Constraints to Women's Political Participation and Mobility in Pakistan - With Natalya Rahman (Stanford)
Existing literature shows that parties strategically nominate candidates to match party elites' preferences and to maximize vote share. What is not understood is how elites may manipulate their party worker ranks prior to the candidate selection process, even though party workers are crucial to selecting candidates and promoting policy platforms. Can elites within political parties manipulate recruitment messages to shape party membership to their preferences? Our study addresses this question using a large-scale experiment within an Indian party's recruitment campaign. Fielding multiple surveys, we find that elites can strategically emphasize certain benefits of joining the party to manipulate party membership. In particular, signaling a willingness to award party tickets even to new recruits attracts those traditionally excluded from politics and those with more political experience. We also find that signaling concrete policy objectives of the party is likely to dissuade these people from signing up to join the party. We interpret this as evidence that party leaders can shape the composition of their membership merely by communicating existing benefits that the party offers, and without changing its core ideology.
State-evading Solutions to Violence: Organized Crime and Governance in Indigenous Mexico - With Kristof Gosztonyi and Beatriz Magaloni (Stanford)
The paper uses homicide data from 1990 to 2016 in more than 2,400 municipalities to explore how community policing in indigenous communities impacts security. Through propensity score matching, geographic discontinuity, and a difference-in-difference statistical analysis, the paper shows that indigenous communities that are allowed to organize their own police are better able to deter drug cartels from invading their communities than similarly poor indigenous communities that have a state-sponsored local police. The paper uses extensive ethnographic work in Oaxaca as well as a large N survey to explore the mechanism that account for the remarkable difference in levels of violence among "usos" communities and those that are ruled by political parties.
Work in Progress:
A Field Experiment to Improve Women's Mobility in Pakistan (with Natalya Rahman; full funding secured and RCT to launch in 2021)